Book Contents

Jackie Linden, Senior Editor, ThePoultrySite.com

Foreward by Jackie Linden, ThePoultrySite.com

The vital importance of vitamins for the health of humans and other animals was established in the early and mid-20th century. Their specific roles in metabolism were investigated and a great deal of research was carried out to set the minimum requirement for each vitamin by each class and age of farm livestock. more...

The importance of optimum vitamin nutrition for the food chain

Updating the nutritional standards of vitamins in a constantly evolving world
Essential micronutrients in the animal (organism)
Vitamin levels in animal diet: the nutritionist's great unknown quantity
Bioavailability of vitamins in animals
Stability of vitamins in animal feed
The concept of optimum vitamin nutrition in practice
Optimizing animal's health and well-being
Optimizing productivity
Optimizing the quality of food for the consumer
Optimum vitamin nutrition: a dynamic process in constant evolution
References

Optimum vitamin nutrition in poultry breeders

Introduction
Vitamin A and carotenoids
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Vitamin B complex water-soluble vitamins
Thiamine (vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
Niacin
Pantothenic acid
Biotin
Folacin
Cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12)
Choline
Vitamin C
References

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Optimum vitamin nutrition in laying hens

Introduction
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Vitamin B complex
Thiamine (vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
Cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12)
Niacin
Pantothenic acid
Folacin
Biotin
Choline
Vitamin C
Nutritional composition of eggs
Fortification
Vitamin requirements and recommendations for layers
References

Optimum vitamin nutrition in broilers and turkeys

Introduction
Vitamin requirements: concept and definition
Vitamin supplementation: general aspects
Current recommendations
Latest investigations in vitamin nutrition
Thiamine (vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
Vitamin B12
Niacin2
Pantothenic acid
Folic acid
Biotin
Choline
Vitamin C
Vitamin A
Vitamin K
Vitamin D3
Vitamin D3 metabolites
Vitamin E
Conclusions
References

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Optimum vitamin nutrition in pigs

Introduction
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Thiamine (vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Niacin
Pantothenic acid
Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
Vitamin B12
Folacin
Biotin
B-complex vitamins: individual or collective recommendations
Vitamin C
References

Optimum vitamin nutrition in beef cattle

Introduction
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Thiamine (vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Niacin (vitamin B3)
Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
Cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12)
Biotin (vitamin H or B8)
Folic acid
Inositol
Pantothenic acid
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Choline
Supply of vitamins and nutritional value of beef cattle for human consumption
Conclusions
References

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Optimum vitamin nutrition in dairy cattle

Introduction
Vitamin A and the ß-carotenes
Vitamin E
Vitamin D
Vitamin K
Biotin (vitamin H or B8)
Folic acid (vitamin M or B9)
Niacin (vitamin B3)
Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5)
Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
Thiamine (vitamin B1)
Vitamin B12
Pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
Vitamin C
Choline
Nutritional value of cow’s milk for human nutrition
Conclusions
References